Trẻ sơ sinh 3 tháng học được gì

Sleeping and eating patterns should become more predictable now. You may notice your three-month-old discovering new ways to communicate with you and discover the world … touching, feeling and grabbing everything within reach!

- Recognize Mommy, and be interested in other faces
- Know if something is familiar to her
- Be able to support himself on elbows and raise his chest while on his tummy

How your 3-month-old might play now

    • He recognizes Mommy and is interested in others’ faces
    • She knows if something is familiar
    • Lying on his tummy, he can support himself on his elbows and raise his chest
    • She turns her head toward a sound and watches you as you speak
    • When toys are placed in his hand, he can grasp them and wave them around
    • She can swipe at an object but does not reach for it
Infant play gyms

Help your baby learn more:

    • Demonstrate activities your baby can’t reach yet—playing music or making something rattle or move.
    • Help your baby learn the connection between actions and reactions. Put baby’s hand or foot within reach of the dangling toys. From there, it’s bound to happen: baby’s hand or foot will connect and activate a fun response from the toy!
    • Encourage your child to explore by pointing out colorful activities and describing features. To build memory skills, switch the position of dangling toys from time to time; your baby is likely to notice the change.

Rattles and teethers

Help your baby learn more:

    • Shake it. Place a rattle in baby’s hand and gently shake it. Babies at this age are just beginning to have control over grasping—they can hold on and let go on purpose—so your baby will probably be interested in grabbing, shaking and dropping a rattle.
    • Hear that? Help baby exercise coordination skills by holding a toy in front, shaking it, and letting him reach for it. Put the rattle in baby’s hand, shake it and say, “Hear that sound? You did that!” Emphasizing the reward will make him want to try again.
    • Hand to hand. Choose a rattle that’s big enough to let baby hold on with both hands. Place it in baby’s hand; she’ll grab on with one hand, then the other, and then let go. This action will develop into the skill of being able to pass an object from hand to hand.
Mobiles

Help your baby learn more:

    • Music, please. Extend the benefits offered by a mobile’s music by playing music for baby at other times of the day and in different settings.
    • Sing or hum along. You’ll find that as you do, your baby becomes more vocal too.
    • What do you see? Try looking at the mobile from baby’s point of view. Change its position once in a while, or change your baby’s position so she gets a new view.
    • Make the connection. Right from the start, your baby will listen to and respond to your voice. Use this connection to point things out about the mobile—the colors, the movement, the characters that dangle from it.

Soothers

Help your baby learn more:

    • Calm down. Help your baby learn to self-regulate—to stop crying and calm down. A soother with gentle sounds, music and sights helps baby understand when it’s time to wind down and go to sleep.
    • See that? Point out the motion and lights to help baby focus on them.
    • So peaceful. Switch through the sound settings until you find one that’s especially soothing to you and baby, then take a few minutes for yourself: listening to the soothing sounds as baby drifts off can be a peaceful time for you, too.
Playard toys

Help your baby learn more:

    • Colors and high-contrast patterns are a great way to stimulate your baby’s visual sense. Point out the colors and name the animals; even though your baby won’t understand the meaning yet, she’ll learn that she can switch her focus, too.
    • Did you hear that? If a toy plays sounds, take advantage of this opportunity to stimulate your baby’s sense of hearing. Take baby’s hands in yours and gently clap them together to the music. Make expressive faces as you playfully sing along or imitate the sounds.

All Gone!

Baby Massage

Baby on the Bus

It’s time for a baby workout, set to the tune of “Wheels on the Bus.” These exercises will help keep your baby in shape. He’s never too young to start!

Materials

  • Soft blanket or towel on a soft surface
  • Your voice

Instructions

  • Lay your baby on a blanket or towel, on his back.
  • Sing the following song, moving the assigned body part on your baby as you sing.

    Wheels on the Bus

    (Bicycle your baby’s legs as you sing the first four lines.)

  • The wheels on the bus go round and round,
  • Round and round, round and round,
  • The wheels on the bus go round and round,
  • All through the town.
  • The people on the bus go up and down.
  • (lift your baby’s arms up and down)
  • The wipers on the bus go back and forth.
  • (roll baby from side to side)
  • The horn on the bus goes beep, beep, beep.
  • (touch your baby’s nose)

Bubble Bath

Finger Face

Handy Clap

Happy Feet

Hats Off

out of 3 vote(s)Your baby is just getting used to recognizing faces, when you introduce the Hats Off game! Your baby won’t be fooled for long, but he’ll enjoy the fun of taking off the hat and putting it back on again.

Materials

  • Variety of hats
  • Infant seat
  • Your face and head

Instructions

  • Collect a variety of hats around the house, or buy inexpensive hats from a thrift shop or party store. Try to include a baseball cap, a knit cap, a funny hat, a firefighter’s hat, a clown hat, a bowler, a beret, a pair of earmuffs, or a fancy, feathery hat. (Don’t include masks in your play. They tend to scare babies at this young age.)
  • Place your baby in his infant seat on the floor and sit facing him.
  • Put the first hat on your head and make a funny face as you say something interesting, such as, “Look at me!” or, “I’m a firefighter!”
  • Lean toward your baby so he can grasp the hat and pull it off, or pull the hat off yourself.
  • Repeat several times with one hat before moving on to another hat.

Mouth Music

out of 2 vote(s)Bet you didn’t know you had a whole music machine right in your mouth! Your baby loves to hear a variety of noises, and your mouth is just the instrument necessary to make a perfect symphony.

Materials

  • Your mouth, tongue, teeth, and lips

Instructions

  • Hold your baby in your lap, facing you so he can see your face clearly.
  • Begin making noises with your mouth, such as
    • Kissing and smooching
    • Clicking your tongue
    • Making raspberries with your tongue
    • Blowing your lips like a motorboat
    • Growling, squealing, gurgling, cooing
    • Whistling, singing, humming
    • Making animal sounds, such as a duck, dog, cat, horse, cow, pig, chicken, rooster, monkey, snake, bird, donkey, or wolf

Open and Close

out of 2 vote(s)For several months after your baby is born, she has a reflex to grasp objects in her palm, but she has trouble letting go. Here’s a game to help her gain further control of her hands and her grasp reflex.

Materials

  • Medium-size toys easily grasped in your baby’s hands, such as rattles, stuffed animals, teething rings, blocks, and so on
  • Table or highchair

Instructions

  • Collect a variety of graspable toys that fit in your baby’s hands.
  • Seat your baby in your lap next to the table or in her highchair.
  • Place a toy near your baby, so she has to reach a little to grasp it.
  • Encourage her to take the toy.
  • After she has grasped the toy and enjoyed it for a moment, gently peel open her fingers and remove the toy.
  • Place it back on the table.
  • While your baby’s hands are free, sing the following song as you open, shut, then clap your baby’s hands.

Open, Close Them

Open, close them, open, close them,
Give a little clap!
Open, close them, open close them,
Put them in your lap!

Play Puppet

out of 1 vote(s)As your baby’s vision improves, he can see objects more clearly at greater distances. To work on his focusing and tracking skills, keep a Play Puppet “handy” for feeding, changing, or play time.

Materials

  • Clean white sock
  • Permanent felt-tip markers

Instructions

  • Buy a pair of white socks, large enough to fit over your hands.
  • Use permanent felt-tip markers to draw eyes, eyebrows, noses, and ears on the socks’ toes. Outline the heels to create mouths, and draw red tongues inside the folds.
  • Place your baby in your lap, on the changing table, or in his infant seat.
  • Slip one puppet onto your hand and entertain your baby with songs, rhymes, or simple conversation. Slip the second puppet onto your other hand for two-handed fun.

Pony Rides

out of 1 vote(s)As your baby increases her neck strength and head control, you can take her on some gentle pony rides. Choose a favorite nursery rhyme, or sing the ones below.

Materials

  • Your knee
  • Small, soft blanket or towel

Instructions

  • Lay a small, soft blanket or towel over your knee, for your baby’s comfort.
  • Seat your baby on your knee, facing you, and hold her arms for support.
  • As you recite a rhyme, gently bounce your baby up and down.
  • Repeat the rhyme several times before moving on to another. Following are some rhymes to try:

Humpty Dumpty

Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the king’s horses and all the king’s men,
Couldn’t put Humpty together again.

To Market, to Market

To market, to market, to buy a fat pig,
Home again, home again, jiggety-jig.
To market, to market, to buy a fat hog,
Home again, home again, jiggety-jog.

One, Two, Bounce My Shoe

One, two, bounce my shoe;
Three, four, tap the floor;
Five, six, give a kick;
Seven, eight, legs stand straight;
Nine, ten, start again.

Rain Bath

out of 1 vote(s)Help your baby learn about his environment by expanding his world through his senses. Water play provides the perfect sensory-motor stimulation, so turn bath time into a sensory experience!

Materials

  • Turkey skewer
  • Plastic bottle, such as a liquid dishwashing bottle or ketchup/mustard bottle
  • Baby bathtub or regular bathtub

Instructions

  • Use a turkey skewer to poke holes on the bottom and sides of the plastic bottle, making holes about one inch apart.
  • Place your baby in a baby bathtub or get into a regular bathtub with him, if you like. Lower your baby into the water gently, to give him time to get comfortable with the strange sensation.
  • Fill the plastic bottle with bathtub water.
  • Hold the bottle up so your baby can see the water pour out from the holes.
  • Hold the bottle over your baby’s body and let the water gently tickle him.
  • If your baby’s game, hold the bottle over his head to make it rain!

Roaming Spotlight

out of 1 vote(s)To help your baby enhance his visual skills, play a game of Roaming Spotlight. This is a quiet game you can play at night, just before your baby goes to sleep, or to calm him down.

Materials

  • Dark room
  • Flashlight

Instructions

  • Find a room that can be made completely dark.
  • Sit on a chair or on the floor, with your baby in your lap.
  • With the lights off, turn on the flashlight and shine it on the wall, catching your baby’s attention.
  • Say something about the light, such as, “Oh, look at the light!”
  • Move the light beam around slowly, resting it on interesting objects.
  • Say something about the object as it lights up, such as, “There’s baby’s teddy bear!”
  • Continue moving the light around until your baby grows tired of the game.

Tootsie Roll

out of 2 vote(s)Your baby needs months to gain full control of her body movements, but you can assist her during those early weeks with a game of Tootsie Roll. By four to six months your baby will have mastered the rollover!

Materials

  • Soft blanket or towel
  • Soft floor surface

Instructions

  • Place a soft blanket or towel on a soft surface.
  • Lay your baby down on the blanket, on her tummy.
  • Pick up one side of the blanket and slowly raise it, causing your baby to tilt to the side.
  • Continue to slowly roll your baby over, talking to her as you go, and using a hand to spot or guide her as she turns.
  • When your baby turns over, show your delight.
  • Repeat until your baby is tired of playing.

Tummy Talk

Upsy-Daisy

out of 1 vote(s)Your baby will soon lose two reflexes she had at birth—the grasp reflex and the baby-doll reflex (she opens her eyes when she sits up)—as she gains more control over her movements. While she still has them, play Upsy-Daisy to take advantage of these reflexes!

Materials

  • Soft, unslippery surface
  • Your hands

Instructions

  • Lay your baby on a soft, unslippery surface, such as a carpet.
  • Sit at her feet, facing her.
  • Place your thumbs in your baby’s palms and let her grasp them. As she does, wrap your fingers around the backs of her hands.
  • Slowly pull your baby to a sitting position and say, “Upsy-Daisy” as you go.
  • After your baby’s had a moment to see your happy face and enjoy the game, lay her back down and play again.

Water Wiggler

out of 1 vote(s)As your baby grows and develops, his five senses contribute to his knowledge of himself and the world around him. Playing in a tub of water provides a complete sensory experience, along with a lot of fun!

Materials

  • Bathtub
  • Your hands

Instructions

  • Run a warm bathtub of water for your baby (and yourself, if you like).
  • Slowly place your baby in the water, allowing him to get used to the water.
  • Show your baby the properties of the water by lightly drizzling, splashing, and pouring water over him.
  • When your baby is ready to play Water Wiggler, hold him firmly on his tummy with
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